Sir Thomas KIRKPATRICK, ,1st Baronet of Closeburn

Male Abt 1631 - 1702  (~ 71 years)

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  • Name Thomas KIRKPATRICK 
    Prefix Sir 
    Suffix ,1st Baronet of Closeburn 
    Born Abt 1631 
    Gender Male 
    Died 1702 
    Person ID I6867  Kirkpatrick Family
    Last Modified 29 Sep 2021 

    Father Sir Robert KIRKPATRICK, ,17th Laird of Closeburne,J.P,   b. Abt 1602,   d. Abt 1668  (Age ~ 66 years) 
    Mother Dame. Grizel BAILLIE, ,of Lamington, Lanarkshire, Scotland,   d. 1664 
    Family ID F2188  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Isabel SANDILANDS,   b. 14 Jun 1631, Calder House, Midlothian, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 1672  (Age 40 years) 
    Married 24 Apr 1666  Calder, Midlothian, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Ref:Image of marriage record.
     1. Sir Thomas KIRKPATRICK, ,2nd Baronet of Closeburn,and of Alisland,   b. 12 Dec 1667,   d. 1720  (Age 52 years)
     2. James KIRKPATRICK, ,"The Exile" , of The Isle of Wight,   b. 1668, Closeburn , Dumfriesshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 2 Nov 1719, the Isle of Wight, Hampshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 51 years)
     3. KIRKPATRICK, (A),   b. Abt 1669,   bur. Old Ramoan Churchyard, Ballycastle, County Antrim, Northern Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location
     4. KIRKPATRICK, (B),   b. Abt 1670,   d. Yes, date unknown
     5. KIRKPATRICK, (C),   b. Abt 1671,   d. Yes, date unknown
    Last Modified 4 May 2015 
    Family ID F2156  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Sarah FERGUSSON, of Craigdarroch, , Scotland,   d. Abt 1686 
    Married 7 Dec 1672  Craigdarroch, Dumfrieshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location 
     1. Roger KIRKPATRICK, ,of Alisland,   b. 1673,   d. Yes, date unknown
    Last Modified 5 Apr 2013 
    Family ID F2157  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 3 Grizzel HAMILTON,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Married 1686 
    • Grizzel's second marriage .Her first husband was Inglis of Murdiestoun
    Last Modified 14 Jul 2015 
    Family ID F2158  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • Sir Thomas built the manor house adjacent to the old castle,using mostly materials from the castle,leaving only the castle keep remaining intact.The manor house would be burnt to the ground in 1748.

      He married three times; 1st Hon. Isabella Sandilands, daughter of John Lord Torpichen; 2nd, Sarah, daughter of Robert Fergusson, of Craigdarroch; 3rd, Grizzel, daughter of James Hamilton of Raplock. He is reported as having had a large family,however very few records of his children have been located.

      Eldest son ,Thomas,succeeded him, another son, Roger, "a youth of great promise",supposedly saw the fatal swan and died. Three sons landed in Ireland, at the Giant's Causeway in an open boat, about 1690, and settled in the North of Ireland.

      These three brothers settled the north near Ballycastle, their descendants seem to have become tenant farmers, the agricultural census of 1803 states that an Andrew Kirkpatrick, and a Samuel Kirkpatrick were holding land in Carnsampson townland, and John Kirkpatrick in Drummans townland, both in the parish of Ramoan.. (One of the descendants of these Kirkpatrick's was James Kirkpatrick, Esq., of Kinflay, Co. Antrim, whose daughter Elizabeth, married John Wilson, of Ballycloughan.)

      It is known that one son , the 18 year old James, who was so disgusted at the marriage of his father for the third time in 1686 , left Closeburn immediately after the ceremony ,making his way to England ,never to return.(There is also a tale/legend of the youngest son Roger,a mere child , seeing the fatal swan immediately after the wedding and dying that night- although other accounts state that in fact the tale is actually related to Robert,of whom there is no trace.)

      The sons who arrived at the Giants Causeway in County Antrim (I have named them "A,B,and C",) were the sons of the 1st marriage , as the eldest son,Thomas, by first wife Isabella,succeeded him as Baronet. Roger was his only child by his 2nd marriage. It appears that the sons were simply removed from family history, and in the testament of the 1st Baronet the only son mentioned at all is Thomas,his successor.No mention of any other sibling at all. Another reason for the scarcity of records may have been to protect the sons,if they were active supporters of the Covenanters, and forced to flee persecution.

      Source -Chronicles of the Kirkpatrick Family by Alexander de Lapere Kirkpatrick
    • (Research):Thomas was created Baronet of Nova Scotia. [This order was founded by James I. in 1611,and is given by patent], March 26,1686, for his unswerving fidelity to the Royal house of Stuart.

      Thomas received the honour in 1685, as the reward of his devotion to the Stuarts. It is reported that Sir Thomas, whose family had been Protestant for more than a century, and who did his best for peace at the Revolution, was offered a peerage by William III, with the style and title of Earl of Closeburn. He declined the distinction, probably because, unlike some greedy courtiers of that period, he dreaded the nickname of " turncoat."

      Sir Thomas Kirkpatrick was no more a turncoat than was Henry Morton in Old Mortality. In Waverley Novels: Old Mortality by Sir Walter Scott, (see page 359 and Notes on page 386)we read with pleasure how he sheltered the Covenanters in the lonely glen of Crichope Linn, on his estate. "A romantic scene of rocks, thickets, and cascades.The enthusiasts, judged it safer to face the apparitions by which the place was thought to be haunted, than to expose themselves to the rage of their mortal enemies."

      Dr. Robert Simpson, in his "Traditions of the Covenanters,or Gleanings Among the Mountains" Pages 253 and 271, tells that a party of troopers was sent to the house of Sir Thomas Kirkpatrick to ask for help in searching for Whigs in the woods. Sir Thomas agreed, but was careful to go by the foot- paths, while the troopers took the more circuitous roads. In a solitary spot he found a sleeping man, and with his staff he carefully covered him with brackens from the prying eyes of the dragoons. His action was observed, and one of the soldiers asked what he was doing. The baronet haughtily replied, " May I not turn over the loose brackens and leaves in my own forest without asking your permission ? "

      He held the position of Lt Col.Dumfrieshire Militia 1691,MP for Dumfrieshire 1695-1698.

      In his eldest sons(the 2nd Baronet) marriage contract Sir Thomas made the following entry"That should there be any failure by the bride or her descendants "to keep,assume,bear,wear and use" the surname and arms of Kirkpatrick of Closeburn,disheritance of the barony would immediately follow"!

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