James Kitchener HUTTON

Male 1915 - 1945  (30 years)


Personal Information    |    Notes    |    All

  • Name James Kitchener HUTTON 
    Born 2 Mar 1915  Inverell, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 22 Apr 1945  the vicinity of Sandakan P.O.W Camp, Borneo Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I480  Kirkpatrick Family
    Last Modified 27 Apr 2015 

    Father Edward Charles HUTTON,   b. 1885, Tenterfield, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 17 Mar 1959, Parramatta, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 74 years) 
    Mother Agnes KIRKPATRICK,   b. 14 Sep 1890, Hoxton Park, New South Wales , Australia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 19 Jun 1967, Parramatta, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 76 years) 
    Married 7 Sep 1912  Hoxton Park, New South Wales , Australia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F124  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • Reg No . NX53776 .2/10th Field Ambulance,A.A.M.C.Member of "B"Force.Died at the hands of the Japanese at Sandakan,Borneo, on 22 Apr 1945.

      Remembered with Honour Labuan Memorial Panel Number 25 and his name is located at panel 87 in the Commemorative Area at the Australian War Memorial .


    • (Research):The Japanese conquered British and Dutch Borneo early in 1942, and the allies surrendered on 15th Feb 1942, and all the men who survived were incarerated in Changi POW Camp.

      Initially imprisoned in the sprawling Changi prisoner of war camp, it was not long before members of the 2/19th were allocated to external work parties. The largest of these groups was D Force, which was sent to work on the Burma-Thailand railway. Lesser numbers were dispatched with other parties bound for the railway and to camps in Borneo, Japan, French Indochina, Java, Sumartra, and Malaya. The surviving prisoners were liberated in late-August 1945 and began returning to Australia almost immediately. The 2/19th was formally disbanded later in 1945, having suffered the highest casualties of any Australian Army unit during war.

      B Force (1,496-strong) included 145 officers and medical staff. Commanded by Lieutenant Colonel A. W. Walsh of the 2/10th Field Regiment, it left Singapore in the Ubi Maru on 8 July 1942 and after a nine-day journey in poor conditions disembarked at Sandakan .

      E Force embarked on the steamer de Klerk on 29 March 1943 . It contained 500 British prisoners, who disembarked at Kuching, and 500 Australian prisoners , who were sent to Berhala Island (North Borneo) In early June 1943, E Force was moved to Sandakan . Prisoners in B and E Forces included troops from the 2/18th, 2/19th, 2/20th, 2/26th, 2/29th, 2/30th Battalions, 2/4th Machine Gun Battalion, and the 2/10th Field Ambulance. There were four main camps in Borneo : Sandakan , Kuching, Labuan and Jesselton.

      Of these, Sandakan contained the majority of Australians. Captain Hoshijima Susumi commanded Sandakan Camp. In January 1945 the first forced march to Ranau occurred, and the second in May 1945. Of the 2,500 Australian and British prisoners of war, only six Australians survived these "death marches".


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