Sir Thomas KIRKPATRICK, ,15th Laird of Closeburne

Male Abt 1578 - 1645  (~ 67 years)

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  • Name Thomas KIRKPATRICK 
    Prefix Sir 
    Suffix ,15th Laird of Closeburne 
    Born Abt 1578 
    Gender Male 
    Died 1645 
    Person ID I19348  Kirkpatrick Family
    Last Modified 14 Sep 2016 

    Father Sir Thomas KIRKPATRICK, ,of Closeburn and later Allisland.14th Laird of Closeburne,   b. Abt 1560,   d. Abt 1628  (Age ~ 68 years) 
    Mother Lady Jean CUNNINGHAM,   d. Aft 1605 
    Married 4 Sep 1577 
    • This was Lady Jean's second marriage ,she was previously married to George Haldane, 8th of Gleneagles.

      In 1596 King James granted leave for Thomasand his eldest son Thomas(aged about 18 years) to depart for France,Flanders and other area's with his wife and family ,for a period of five years ,and placed a protection order over all Closeburn lands.Whether Thomas was removing his family due to concerns regarding their safety,exploring business opportunities,or on a mission for his King is not recorded.Also it is not known if the journey ever eventuated ,as his eldest son Thomas married Agnes Charteris in 1599 at Kirkmahoe.

      Despite the huge land tracts under their control ,the family finances and reputation were in tatters. His successor,Thomas,the eldest son , proved to be a belligerent son and extremely violent at times.
    Family ID F2242  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Dame. Agnes CHARTERIS, , of Amisfield,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Married 30 May 1599  Kirkmahoe, County of Dumfries, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Agnes' brother ,Sir John, purchased some of the Kirkmichael estates in 1622.
      The Charteris family purchased the remainder of the Kirkmichael estates after the last Lord of Kirkmichael's death,in 1686.
     1. Thomas KIRKPATRICK,   b. Abt 1600,   d. Bef 1645  (Age ~ 44 years)
     2. Sir John KIRKPATRICK, ,16th Laird of Closeburne,   b. Abt 1601,   d. 1646  (Age ~ 45 years)
     3. Sir Robert KIRKPATRICK, ,17th Laird of Closeburne,J.P,   b. Abt 1602,   d. Abt 1668  (Age ~ 66 years)
     4. Jeane KIRKPATRICK,   b. Abt 1603,   d. Yes, date unknown
     5. Barbara KIRKPATRICK,   b. Abt 1604,   d. Yes, date unknown
     6. Samuel KIRKPATRICK, ,of Auchinleck,   b. Abt 1605,   d. 1642  (Age ~ 37 years)
     7. Roger KIRKPATRICK, ,of Closeburn,   b. Abt 1606,   d. Aft 1646  (Age ~ 41 years)
     8. Capt Charles KIRKPATRICK, ,Captain of Horse.,   b. Abt 1607,   d. Aft 1646  (Age ~ 40 years)
     9. Margaret KIRKPATRICK,   b. Abt 1608,   d. Yes, date unknown
     10. Janet KIRKPATRICK,   b. Abt 1609,   d. Yes, date unknown
     11. Sarah KIRKPATRICK,   b. Abt 1610,   d. Yes, date unknown
    Last Modified 14 Sep 2016 
    Family ID F2231  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • Succeeded his father in 1628 .He inherited an impoverished and precarious title,much of his own doing due to his,and his two brothers lawlessness. Ref:Gentleman of The Privy Chamber 1639-41

      Thomas was a belligerent son and extremely violent at times .After his father departed for the Court of King James in 1603, he terrorised Closeburn tenants,and brutally attacked anyone who remained loyal to his father. He was demanding that they accept him as their landlord .In 1604 he ejected Thomas Grierson of Barjang and Thomas Gilchrist from their lands,and also attacked and wounded his mothers servant Hendrie Tait ,and then set upon his own mother ,throwing her to the ground, severely and brutally assaulting her.

      Later, he again pursued Thomas Gilchrist , who barely escaped with his life,after being grievously wounded by sword. Sir Thomas senior eventually attained a surety that Thomas the younger would refrain from harming his parents .Young Thomas was eventually declared "a rebel" for his many violent acts and ignoring the rule of the council to desist.

      He was committed to ward in the Tolbooth in Edinburgh in 1610, but feigned sickness ,and with his mother-in-laws assistance escaped .His father ,having heard of this ,again complained that his son was ignoring his detention orders,and succeeded in having Thomas the younger incarcerated in the Tollbooth again ,along with the younger's mother-in-law

      In 1613 Sir Thomas was sued by his daughter Margaret for non payment of debts,his eldest son Thomas was held in the Tolbooth in Edinburgh as a long term prisoner.His other two sons George and John ,who were the subject of a complaint by a minister of the church after attacking him at his residence,were also sent to the Tolbooth in Edinburgh at the Lords pleasure.
      Sir Thomas attempted to reconcile with his eldest son, who vengefully rejected the offer and continued to be assisted by his wife's father,Sir John Charteris.After Sir John's death in 1616 , young Thomas found that the Charteris family were much less inclined to assist him .Father and son were eventually ordered to appear before the Privy Council ,and a compromise was hammered out.
      Young Thomas remained a law abiding citizen for some three years , until 1620 ,when he contrived to rob his father of the collected annual rent monies ,part of which belonged to his sister Margaret,widow of William Maxwell of Cowhill.He convinced Margaret to move into his house ,and shortly after,attacked and brutally beat her,threw her down some stairs and left her for dead.
      He was charged ,and ordered to answer the charges ,but was acquitted on his oath of verity .His sisters fate ,after his acquittal ,is not known.

      Peace was only achieved between father and son c1628,shortly before Sir Thomas the elder's death.
    • (Research):Shortly after his succession ,Thomas was again in trouble.In an attempt to escape paying outstanding debts he locked Closeburn Castle so that the Sheriff could only access one small room.The Lords ordered the Keepers of Closeburn Tower to supply access or risk being branded traitors.Charles I heard of the deep financial trouble the Laird of Closeburn found himself in ,and ordered Sir Thomas to front the Privy Council to state his case. He was eventually granted an extension to pay all outstanding debts, and if he defaulted on the agreement, all protection would be lifted.

      This was apparently greatly concerning due to the number of enemies he had made throughout his life,and he attempted to abide by the Council rulings, and only once more approached the Council ,to humbly request an extension of protection,which was granted.

      In 1634 he was appointed as Justice of the Peace, clearly a case of poacher turning gamekeeper.

      He died, leaving a distasterous legacy for his actions,a burden shouldered by his son Robert,the 17th Laird

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